What is Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s disease (Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)?
Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s Disease are serious diseases associated with an array of complications if not treated and managed properly. As a leading gastroenterology practice in Katy, TX, Texas Center For Digestive Health provides individualized care plans to help patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease to reduce their symptoms, avoid complications and improve their overall health.
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Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes sores or ulcers to form inside the lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. These ulcers can cause bleeding which can become serious. Patients with ulcerative colitis require ongoing management to keep their condition under control and to prevent more serious complications from developing.
People with ulcerative colitis often experience symptoms like:
- abdominal cramps
- bloody stools
- rectal bleeding or pain
- hemorrhaging (very heavy and uncontrolled bleeding) from the bowel, which can sometimes be life-threatening
- increased urgency to move the bowels
- problems having a bowel movement
- unintentional weight loss
- anemia (due to bleeding)
Symptoms can vary depending on the severity of the disease and the location of the inflammation. Often, symptoms become worse over time, and many people have periods of remission when no noticeable symptoms are present.
The underlying cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown, but researchers believe it may be caused by problems with the way the immune system functions. People with a family history of the disease are also more likely to have it themselves.